The violin, also known as a fiddle, is a string instrument, usually with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. The violin is first known in 16th-century Italy, with some further modifications occurring in the 18th and 19th centuries. It is the smallest, highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments, which also includes the VIOLA, and the CELLOW. The modern word is derived from the Italian word violino, literally meaning 'small viola' It typically has four strings, which are tuned one fifth apart from each other. That means each string is five notes from the one next to it, like : D, e, f, g, A as an example. The violin is played by musicians in a wide variety of musical genres, including Baroque music, classical, jazz, country music, blues music, folk music, metal music,rock and roll and soft rock music. The violin has come to be played in many non-Western music cultures all over the world.The violin is sometimes informally called a fiddle, regardless of the type of music played on it.