Khole is a percussion musical instrument used in Northern and eastern India. It is used most often in religious and devotional musical performances. The instrument is held to be so sacred that it is always reverentially referred to as the Sree Khole and not merely as the Khole. The drum is said to have been introduced to Bengal and made popular there by the profound mystic singer Sree Chaitanya who was also responsible for the wide spreading of Bhakti and the congregational singing of Keertan. In the Iskon and Goudiya Vaishnava Societies, the Khole is the prime instrument used to accompany Kirtans and Bhajans. The Khole is also used in Bengali folk and semi-classical music. The body of the Khole is made of jack or mango wood. The length of body is about 75 cm. One side of the Khole is much smaller than t he other. The right face is of 15 cm diameter and the left of 25 cm. The smaller side, known as Dayan, and the bigger side, known as Baya, usually has three-layered heads. In addition to this is a special central region of rice paste, glue, and iron. This central region is known as the Syahi. The two faces are held by braids which are connected by leather straps.
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